Arunachal Pradesh, bordered on the south by Assam, on the west by Bhutan, on the north and northeast by China, and on the east by Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) is a sparsely populated mountainous area in the extreme northeastern part of the subcontinent. Arunachal Pradesh (Sanskrit for "Land of the Rising Sun") has an area of 83,743 sq km.
The state's main rivers are the Brahmaputra known in Arunachal Pradesh as the Siang, and its tributaries, the Tirap, the Lohit (Zayu Qu), the Subansiri, and the Bhareli. The climate of the foothills is subtropical; in the mountains, temperatures decrease rapidly with altitude. Rainfall averages between 2000 and 4000 mm (80 and 160 in) a year.
Arunachal Pradesh has a single-chamber Legislative Assembly, which has 60 seats. The state sends three members to the Indian national parliament: one to the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and two to the Lok Sabha (lower house). Local government is based on 12 administrative districts.
Itanagar :This is the capital of the state and includes many tourist attractions of Arunachal Pradesh. The historical fort made of bricks from which the drives the name, is 14-15 centuries old. The Rajbhawan, the official residence of the Governor, Jawaharlal Nehru State Museum, the legendary Ganga Lake (Gyakar Sinyi) are also worth a visit.
Bomdila (8500 ft.) :Home to the tibes like Monpa, Sherdukpen, Aka (Hrusse), Miji and Begun (Khawas). Colourful gomphas tucked in the brilliant landscape makes it an ideal Himalayan destination.
Tawang :The meandering highland pass that leads to this picturesque valley itself is one of the tourist attractions of Arunachal Pradesh. This is the land of 400year old Tawang monastery, which is the birthplace of the sixth Dalai Lama. The monastery house gold lettered copies of sacred Buddhist script.
Parashuram Kund :Ancient Indian mythology has it that Parashuram, a great sage of ancient India had washed his sin of matricide in the bank of the rive Lohit, which later came to be known as Parashuram Kund. People come from far and wide to take part in the Parashuram Mela during the month of January.
Bhismaknagar :Mythology says Lord Krishna carried away Rukmini one of many wives from her father Bhismaka who rule this kingdom. Excavations have revealed a very early settlement of the Aryans here.
Malinithan :Malinithan has a 7 to 8 centuries old temple site in ruins. A series of excavations have unearthed a decorated basement of a temple, icon of deities, animal motifs and floral designs, carved columns and panels reminding of an unknown past.
Akashiganga :Mythology again comes into play. When the Lord Shiva was frantically carrying the corpse of Parvati, his wife, Lord Vishnu cut her body into pieces with Sudharshan Chakra. One of the pieces fell in this area so the place is considered divine. The place also provides a magnificent bird's eye view of the Brahmaputra river glimmering far below.
Wild Life Sancturies :